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1. Consul [kon-suh l]
Noun: an official appointed by the government of one country to look after its commercial interests and the welfare of its citizens in another country; either of the two chief magistrates of the ancient Roman republic.
Related forms: consular, adjective.
Synonyms: diplomatic, valid.
2. Chagrin [shuh-grin]
Noun: a feeling of vexation, marked by disappointment or humiliation.
Verb: to vex by disappointment or humiliation.
Synonyms: annoyance, dismay, disquiet, embarrassment, irritation, balk, blow, crushing, discomfiture, discomposure, disgruntlement, dissatisfaction, fretfulness.
Antonyms: comfort, confidence, happiness, satisfaction, delight, gladness, joy.
Example: The government must see that Bhutan’s sovereignty is no trivial matter, and avoid flippant comments as the one made by the Ministry of External Affairs last week.
3. Trivial [triv-ee-uh l]
Adjective: of very little importance or value; insignificant; commonplace; ordinary; Biology. (of names of organisms) specific, as distinguished from generic.
Synonyms: commonplace, frivolous, immaterial, incidental, inconsequential, insignificant, irrelevant, meaningless, minor, negligible, paltry, petty.
Antonyms: consequential, essential, important, major, meaningful, necessary, pertinent, relevant.
4. Flippant [flip-uh nt]
Adjective: frivolously disrespectful, shallow, or lacking in seriousness; characterized by levity.
Synonyms: cheeky, cocky, disrespectful, glib, offhand, playful, rude, brassy.
Antonyms: mannerly, nice, respectful, courteous, reverent, serious.
Example: It cannot have escaped South Block’s notice that the only statement issued by the Bhutanese Foreign Ministry during this time makes no mention of a “distress call” to India, only of its demarche to China.
5. Démarche [dey-marsh]
Noun: an action or gesture by a diplomat, especially a formal appeal, protest, or the like; a statement, protest, or the like presented to public officials by private citizens, interest groups, etc; a procedure or step; move; maneuver.
Antonyms: cessation, ignorance, inaction, inactivity, stoppage, honesty, openness.
Example: Bhutan is also the only country in the region that joined India in its boycott of Chinese President Xi Jinping’s marquee project, the Belt and Road Initiative.
6. Marquee [mahr-kee]
Noun: a tall rooflike projection above a theater entrance, usually containing the name of a currently featured play or film and its stars; a rooflike shelter, as of glass, projecting above an outer door and over a sidewalk or a terrace.
Adjective: superlative; headlining.
Synonyms: awning, canopy, signboard, tent.
Example: The holder of a constitutional office such as the President or Vice President is not expected to be another battering ram on behalf of the Prime Minister and the ruling dispensation.
7. Batter [bat-er]
Verb: to beat persistently or hard; pound repeatedly; to damage by beating or hard usage; to deal heavy, repeated blows; pound steadily.
Noun: Printing. a damaged area on the face of type or plate.
Synonyms: bash, beat, bruise, buffet, clobber, cripple, crush, demolish, destroy, hurt, injure.
Antonyms: aid, assist, build, compliment, construct.
8. Dispensation [dis-puh n-sey-shuh n, -pen-]
Noun: an act or instance of dispensing; distribution; something that is distributed or given out; a certain order, system, or arrangement; administration or management.
Synonyms: disbursement, allotment, appointment, apportionment, award, bestowal, conferment, consignment.
Antonyms: disfavor, whole, denial, veto.
Example: The only occasion the President can somewhat exercise his discretion is in selecting the Prime Minister in the event of a fractured election verdict.
9. Discretion [dih-skresh-uh n]
Noun: the power or right to decide or act according to one’s own judgment; freedom of judgment or choice; the quality of being discreet, especially with reference to one’s own actions or speech; prudence or decorum.
Synonyms: attention, foresight, maturity, prudence, responsibility, tact, vigilance, wisdom, acumen, calculation, care, carefulness.
Antonyms: carelessness, disregard, ignorance, indiscretion, negligence.
10. Verdict [vur-dikt]
Noun: Law. the finding or answer of a jury given to the court concerning a matter submitted to their judgment; a judgment; decision.
Synonyms: answer, award, conclusion, decision, decree, finding, opinion, ruling, sentence.
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