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1. Frantically (adverb)-क्रोधोन्मत्तता में, पागलपन में
Meaning: in a distraught way owing to fear, anxiety, or other emotion, in a hurried, excited, or disorganized manner.
Example: the Election Commission’s decision to de-hyphenate the Himachal Pradesh and Gujarat Assembly election notification which allowed the Central and State governments more time to frantically announce sops, including slashing rates of the goods and services tax (GST) on select items, loan waivers for farmers, and benefits for government employees.
2. Hibernation (noun)-सीतनिद्रा, शीत निष्क्रियता
Meaning: the condition or period of an animal or plant spending the winter in a dormant state, an extended period of remaining inactive or indoors.
Example: This has created opportune conditions for the Congress Party to come out of its self-imposed hibernation since 2014. It suddenly appears to be eager, even aggressive, in taking on the BJP on its home turf.
3. Critique (noun)-विचेनात्मक,आलोचना
Meaning: a detailed analysis and assessment of something, especially a literary, philosophical, or political theory.
Synonyms: analysis, evaluation, assessment, appraisal, appreciation, review, write-up.
Example: A critique of economic failures is not enough; a party must shape it with a social and economic agenda of its own. Also, the weakness in the Congress’s organisation remains glaring: it has no strong State leader and no organisation.
4. Shun (verb)-किनारा करना, अलगाव, त्याग
Meaning: persistently avoid, ignore, or reject (someone or something) through antipathy or caution.
Synonyms: avoid, evade, eschew, steer clear of, shy away from, fight shy of, recoil from, keep away from, keep one’s distance from, give a wide berth to, have nothing to do with, leave alone, not touch.
Example: Finding itself on the defensive on issues like nationalism, terrorism and corruption, the Congress has shifted the discourse to development failures to preempt Hindu consolidation; it is cornering the government on the economic front and at the same time shunning cultural and emotional issues.
5.Appeasement (noun)-मनौती, शमन
Meaning: the action or process of appeasing.
Synonyms: conciliation, placation, pacification, propitiation, palliation, allaying, reconciliation.
Example: The Congress is keen to shed its pro-minority image and deflect attention from Hindu-Muslim tension in order to prevent the BJP from diverting the simmering discontent towards the familiar territory of minority appeasement and the projection of Congress as a Muslim-centric party.
6. Bolster (verb)-गावतकिया, गोल लम्बा तकिया
Meaning: support or strengthen, provide (a seat) with padded support.
Synonyms: strengthen, support, reinforce, make stronger, boost, fortify, give a boost to.
Example: The new coalition is pivoted on socio-economic issues, and not identity politics. That’s the new strategic dimension of the campaign. Hampered by the lack of a strong local face, it revolves around bolstering the anti-BJP sentiment whipped up by the troika of young leaders: Alpesh Thakor, Jignesh Mewani and Hardik Patel.
7. Flounder (verb)-कीचड़ में तड़फड़ाना
Meaning: struggle or stagger clumsily in mud or water.
Synonyms: struggle, thrash, thresh, flail, toss and turn, twist and turn, stagger, stumble, falter, lurch, blunder, fumble, grope, writhe
Example: The double blunder of demonetisation and GST seems to have infused new life into Congress vice-president Rahul Gandhi’s floundering political career just weeks before his likely elevation as the party president.
8. Render (verb)-प्रस्तुत करने वाला, सौंपना
Meaning: provide or give (a service, help, etc.).
Synonyms: give, provide, supply, furnish, make available, contribute.
Example: The party has been rendered organisationally quite weak in Gujarat over the past two decades; it needs a dedicated cadre of grassroots workers and an organisation to fight the formidable RSS/BJP election machine, which it does not have, leave alone the capacity to micro-manage elections as this political machine can.
9. Unencumbered (adjective)-अभारग्रस्त, भार रहित
Meaning: not having any burden or impediment, free of debt or other financial liability.
Example: The agenda itself is fraught with contradictions. For weeks now, the rules requiring purchase of gold and diamonds (for ₹2 lakh or less) to be linked to PAN (Permanent Account Number) are in suspension. Conversion of black money into gold and diamonds has gone on unencumbered. The window opened when the rules were taken down for a technical reason — they had to be reworded. No one knows how long this window will remain open.
10. Debilitating (adjective)-दुर्बल, कमजोरी लाने वाली
Meaning: (of a disease or condition) making someone very weak and infirm, tending to weaken something.
Example: A year after demonetisation was announced, the questions seem to outnumber the answers. Electorally, voters may judge the policy in terms of intent rather than outcomes. Economists may quibble over the undue costs owing to the debilitating impact on the momentum of economic growth, even as damage to the vulnerable informal sectors remains unmeasured.