Vocabulary for Defence Exams : 8 March 2019


Dear Students, DefencePrep is providing you all with Daily Vocabulary Words for Navy AA, Navy SSR, Air Force X and Y Group Exam and also all other Defence Examinations. One can attempt the maximum number of questions in the minimum time in the English section of defence competitive exams.

If you have the basics of the important topics of English Language all groups, you can definitely score good marks in the upcoming defence examinations. Practicing daily with daily quizzes provided on DefencePrep not only ensures good marks in this section but also strengthens your chances of getting through the above-mentioned defence examinations.


1.Conclave (noun)
Meaning: a private meeting.
Synonyms: (private) meeting, gathering, assembly, conference, convention, convocation, council, session, summit, forgathering.
Example: A conclave of Army Commanders next week is set to discuss military preparedness along the China border, amid indications that the Chinese may have beefed up their presence near the Doklam standoff site since the disengagement more than a month ago.

2.Obliterate (verb)
Meaning: destroy utterly; wipe out.
Synonyms: destroy, wipe out, annihilate, exterminate, extirpate, demolish, eliminate, eradicate, wipe off the face of the earth, wipe off the map;
Example: The year has been identified: 2100. Only the date is yet to be announced. The sixth mass extinction may obliterate life like it had happened five times on Earth in the past.

3.Catamaran (noun)
Meaning: a yacht or other boat with twin hulls in parallel.
Example: That end could be much swifter, of course, if North Korea and the US start anuclear war. But before we decide on building our moon-bound catamaran let us examine what Daniel Rothman, professor of geophysics in the MIT Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, has predicted in his paper.

4.Congruence (noun)
Meaning: agreement or harmony; compatibility.
Synonyms: compatibility, consistency, conformity, match, balance, consonance, rapport, parallelism.
Example: A congruence of many independent technologies that were on their own exponential paths — whether it’s semiconductors, cellphones or the ability to write software — came together when the iPhone was ‘discovered.’

5.Cusp (noun)
Meaning: a pointed end where two curves meet, in particular, the initial point of an astrological sign or house.
Example: Now we are on the cusp of what I call the next digital revolution. People are calling it Industrial Revolution 4.0. The reality of this is that every business today is a digital business; some just don’t know it yet. What used to be a 20-year view of strategy now needs to be agile, just like the whole world around you, especially with technology.

6.Precarious (adjective)
Meaning: not securely held or in position; dangerously likely to fall or collapse, dependent on chance; uncertain.
Synonyms: uncertain, insecure, unpredictable, undependable, risky, hazardous, dangerous, unsafe, hanging by a thread, hanging in the balance, perilous, treacherous.
Example: “The human species will have to populate a new planet within 100 years if it is to survive,” says the BBC publicity blurb for the show, adding, “With climate change, overdue asteroid strikes, epidemics and population growth, our own planet is increasingly precarious.”

7.Connotation (noun)
Meaning: an idea or feeling which a word invokes for a person in addition to its literal or primary meaning.
Synonyms: overtone, undertone, undercurrent, implication, hidden meaning, secondary meaning, nuance, flavour, feeling, aura, atmosphere, colouring, smack, hint, vein, echo, vibrations, association,
Example: The word ‘sankalp’ has several connotations but mainly – an orientation of the mind or heart; intention, determination, decision, wish, resolve, and will power.

8.Malevolent (adjective)
Meaning: having or showing a wish to do evil to others.
Synonyms: malicious, spiteful, hostile, evil-minded, baleful, bitter, evil-intentioned, poisonous, venomous, evil, malign, malignant, rancorous, vicious, vindictive, revengeful, vengeful, pernicious.
Example: Intention, though, can be wholesome or otherwise; malevolent intentions are designed to harm life, property or reputation. Good intentions are to promote materialistic goals and Mahasankalp, higher intentions, are for enlightenment of self and others.

9.Orthodoxy (noun)
Meaning: authorized or generally accepted theory, doctrine, or practice.
Synonyms: doctrine, belief, conviction, creed, dogma, credo, theory, view, idea, tenet, teaching,
practice, received wisdom, article of faith.
Example: Just as dangerous, and no less important to ordinary Americans, however, is Mr Trump’s plan for the economy. It treats orthodoxy, accuracy and consistency as if they were simply to be negotiated away in a series of earth-shattering deals.

10.Compliance (noun)
Meaning: the action or fact of complying with a wish or command.
Example: But why are they doing this? It surely can’t be that they are celebrating the roll-out of the new indirect tax regime. By all accounts, most companies are quaking, fearing the huge increase in compliance costs and paperwork that GST will bring.

Reasoning Word Formation Notes

General Awareness Questions

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