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1. Anomalous (adjective)
Meaning: deviating from what is standard, normal, or expected.
Synonyms: abnormal, atypical, non-typical, irregular, aberrant, exceptional, freak, freakish, odd, bizarre, peculiar, unusual, out of the ordinary, inconsistent, incongruous, deviant, deviating, divergent, eccentric;
Example: Persistent aerosol emissions might lead to more instances of moderate rainfall but could mean anomalous weather and health hazards over large parts of north India. The aerosol-greenhouse gas relationship in exacerbating climate change is an old area of research but teasing out the relative contribution of each is challenging and influences the costs countries must incur to address them.
2. Feebly (adverb)
Meaning: in a way that lacks strength or force., in a way that fails to convince or impress.
Example: If some wrong is done to people close to us, to our family or friends, we respond with utter horror, as we must. Why then do we react feebly or, worse, not at all when people beyond our little community are treated cruelly?
3. Denunciation (noun)
Meaning: public condemnation of someone or something., the action of informing against someone.
Example: Why is it that instead of a chorus of straightforward condemnation, we confront moral indifference or troublesome public statements such as that we must first or also condemn other instances of brutality in the past? Imagine Nirbhaya’s mother being told in the aftermath of the dastardly incident that any denunciation of what happened is conditional: we must in the same breath also condemn all brutal rapes in the past. The moral coarseness of this response simply jumps to the eye.
4. Rummage (verb)
Meaning: search unsystematically and untidily through something.
Synonyms: search (through), hunt through, scrabble about/around in, root about/around in, ferret (about/around) in, fish about/around in, poke around in, dig in, grub about in, delve in.
Example: “Yeh hai bijli ka haal (This is the state of power supply),” exclaims Aftab. He quickly puts the disruption behind him and rummages through a pile of documents he summons from his room. It has photos, paper cuttings, receipts and certificates, some of them inscribed in the local Bundeli dialect, of the volleyball camps and events he has attended over the years.
5. Appeasement (noun)
Meaning: the action or process of appeasing.
Synonyms: conciliation, placation, pacification, propitiation, palliation, allaying, reconciliation.
Example: Bengal’s Muslim population, according to the 2011census, is around 28 per cent, second only to Assam’s 34 per cent. Mamata’s ‘appeasement’ of Muslims — including job reservations and state funds for imams — has given the state BJP an opportunity to accuse her of being ‘anti-Hindu’. So, the chief minister is caught up in a whirlwind, attending Islamic festivals as well as Hindu ones, trying to project that she does not favour any particular faith.
6. Imprimatur (noun)
Meaning: an official licence issued by the Roman Catholic Church to print an ecclesiastical or religious book., a person’s authoritative approval.
Example: In Mr. Trump’s own words, he had “tremendous success” in his meeting with Mr. Modi. Progress in bilateral relations over the last few years received the imprimatur of endorsement of the new President, and there were no missed heartbeats or gut-wrenching moments.
7. Adjudication (noun)
Meaning: the action or process of adjudicating., a formal judgement on a disputed matter.
Synonyms: arbitration, refereeing, umpiring.
Example: While this virtually operates as a stay on Jadhav’s execution, a substantive
interim order is expected only when the court hears India’s application for “provisional measures” at its hearing on May 15, pending adjudication of its plea for declaring Pakistan’s actions as violative of international law. New Delhi’s position is that Jadhav is innocent and that he was “kidnapped” by Pakistani agents from Iran.
8. Incongruous (adjective)
Meaning: not in harmony or keeping with the surroundings or other aspects of something.
Synonyms: out of place, out of keeping, inappropriate, unsuitable, unsuited, not in harmony.
Example: On the face of it, India’s decision to move the ICJ may appear somewhat incongruous in the light of its position against internationalizing its disputes with Pakistan.
9. Precipitate (verb)
Meaning: cause (an event or situation, typically one that is undesirable) to happen suddenly, unexpectedly, or prematurely.
Synonyms: bring about, bring on, cause, lead to, occasion, give rise to, trigger, spark, touch off, provoke, hasten, accelerate, expedite, speed up, advance, quicken, push forward, further, instigate, induce.
Example: While Pakistan is free to cite legal and technical points in its favour, it hardly requires iteration that it should avoid any precipitate move that would frustrate the ongoing proceedings before the ICJ. Pakistan’s adherence to international law will be under test.
10. Parochial (adjective)
Meaning: having a limited or narrow outlook or scope.
Synonyms: narrow-minded, small-minded, provincial, insular, narrow, small-town, inward-looking, limited, restricted, localist, conservative, conventional, short-sighted, petty, close-minded, blinkered, myopic, introverted, illiberal, hidebound,
Example: I don’t do this solely out of a parochial linguistic pride, though there is some of that of course. But there are other more important reasons.
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