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Vocabulary for Defence Exams Day 1

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Dear Students,
Vocabulary plays an important role in building confidence over English section for Defence exams as Vocabulary is the key player. The Hindu Vocabulary, the most useful Vocabulary words from The Hindu Editorial section. English section in every Defence exam has a few questions based on Vocabulary. Here we provide daily 10 words to build your Vocab Power and help you gain good marks in this section.
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1. Perfunctory (adj): (of an action) carried out without real interest, feeling, or effort. (बेपरवाह)
Synonyms: Cursory, Desultory, Superficial, Nonchalant
Antonyms: Concerned, Interested, Attentive
Example: She asked a few perfunctory questions about my family and then ended the conversation.

2. Bridle at (phrasal verb): To show annoyance or anger: (क्रोध दिखाना)
Synonyms: Outrage, Offend, Furious, Indignant
Antonyms: Delighted, Pleased, Contented, Happy
Example: Homeowners bridled at the new regulations.

3. Hooch (noun): Strong alcohol, especially whisky. (शराब)
Synonyms: Booze, Liquor, Alcohol, Bootleg,
Antonyms: Nonintoxicant
Example: During Prohibition, everybody drank homemade hooch.

4. Denigrate (verb): Criticize unfairly. (निंदा करना, बदनाम करना)
Synonyms: Disparage, Calumniate, Besmirch, Deprecate
Antonyms: Acclaim, Applaud, Exalt, Extol
Example: Theater critics have been denigrating her acting ability for years.
Related: Denigrated, Denigrated

5. Caught in the crossfire (idiom): To be involved in a situation where people around you are arguing: (दो बहस करने वाले लोगों या समूहों के बीच पड़ना)
Synonyms: Argument, Conflict, Dispute, Quarrel
Example: I was caught in the crossfire of their argument over the budget, but I refused to take sides and told them to work it out on their own.

6. Edifice (noun): The arrangement of parts that gives something its basic form. (संरचना, ढांचा)
Synonyms: Architecture, Configuration, Framework, Structure, Skeleton
Example: The edifice of the argument is quite simple, once you get past the fancy language

7. Subaltern (noun): Of lower status. (सब से नीचा, आधीन)
Synonyms: Subordinate, Subservient, Minion, Inferior
Antonyms: Superior, Supercilious, Eminent
Example: Its strength is 60 mounted policemen and 190 foot, with II superior and 40 subaltern officer.

8. Trespasser (noun): A person entering someone’s land or property without permission. (अनधिकार प्रवेश करने वाला)
Synonyms: Interloper, Intruder, Snooper, Invader, Gate-Crasher
Antonyms: Guest, Invitee
Example: The landowner ordered the trespasser off his premises.

9. Prolific (adj): Producing constant or successful results. (सफल, फलदार)
Synonyms: Fertile, Fecund, Fruitful, Productive
Antonyms: Fruitless, Unproductive, Futile, Unsuccessful
Example: The company hopes to woo investors with news of its prolific stock returns.

10. Perversion (verb): Distortion or corruption of the original course, meaning, or state of something. (अर्थ पलटना या उलटना, दोष, बिगाड़)
Synonyms: Distortion, Misrepresentation, Falsification, Travesty
Antonyms: Conformity, Normality, Regularity
Example: If there’s a hidden charge for the service, then that’s a perversion of the word “free”.

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